SEMICLASSICAL DIMENSIONAL EXPANSION

FOR ATOMS IN EXTERNAL FIELDS

A.V.Sergeev

S.I.Vavilov State Optical Institute,

Tuchkov per. 1, St-Petersburg, 199034 Russia,

e-mail sergeev@soi.spb.su

The energy of bound and quasistationary states of atoms is expanded as a power series in 1/D, where D is the dimensionality of coordinate space. A multidimensional continuation of the problem is performed, and D is treated as a continuous parameter with an initial problem corresponding to the physical value D=3. It is a semiclassical methods, which is rather similar to the method of molecular vibration analysis. The problem reduces to the Rayleigh - Schrodinger perturbation theory for an anharmonic oscillator. The expansion coefficients can be calculated exactly and to high order, using recursive relations.

Because of the divergence of the 1/D-expansion, the special summation methods, taking into account the behaviour of the coefficients at large orders, are used. Earlier, the asymptotics of large orders of the 1/D-expansion has been studied both numerically [1] and analytically [2]. Typically, the coefficients in the expansion grow as factorials Ek ~ c0 ak kb k! Here, two aspects of the problem involved are concerned.

Firstly, the appropriate modification of Pade - Borel summation procedure is proposed, designed to take into account the parameters a and b of the asymptotics which can be calculated exactly. So, the singularity of the Borel function is approximated properly. As a result, the procedure considerably accelerates the convergence.

Secondly, the divergence of the 1/D-expansion for excited states is considered. A numerical test has revealed the presence of square-root singularities of the energy function for 1s 2s 1S state of helium [3]. Here, it is proved that such singularities originate from a crossing of energy levels. It leads to a non- factorial growth of the expansion coefficients Ek ~ cs Dsk k-3/2, where Ds is a dimensionality when the crossing occurs. The parameters cs and Ds are found analytically. Suitable modification of 1/D-expansion is proposed which avoids the troubles related to strong divergence of the 1/D-series for near- crossing energy levels.

As a typical example, a hydrogen atom subject to parallel electric and magnetic fields is investigated in detail. The large-order dimensional perturbation theory allows one to obtain highly accurate energies and widths.

1. M.Lopez-Cabrera, D.Z.Goodson, D.R.Herschbach, J.D.Morgan. Phys.Rev.Lett. 68, 1992 (1992); J.Chem.Phys. 97, 8481 (1992).

2. V.S.Popov, A.V.Sergeev, Phys.Lett.A 172, 193 (1993); Pisma v ZhETF (JETP Letters) 57, 273 (1993).

3. D.Z.Goodson, D.K.Watson, Phys.Rev.A 48, 2668 (1993).

Back to Presentations on conferences.

Designed by A. Sergeev.